• Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection and inflammation of a woman’s pelvic organs, including the uterus (womb), Fallopian tubes (tubes), ovaries, and cervix.
• PID is common and is estimated to affect around 1 million women every year in the US.
• The pelvic inflammatory disease usually develops from the spread of a sexually-transmitted disease (STD).
• Most pelvic inflammatory disease cases are caused by gonorrhea and or Chlamydia, although several different types of bacteria can be responsible.
• Young, sexually active women with multiple sex partners are at the highest risk for pelvic inflammatory disease. Douching and history of PID are other risk factors.
• The pelvic inflammatory disease may not produce any symptoms or signs (referred to as being asymptomatic). In other cases, it can cause
○ abdominal or pelvic pain,
○ vaginal discharge,
○ painful urination, or
○ painful sexual intercourse.
• The treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease involves antibiotics directed against the organisms responsible for the disease.
• Complications of untreated pelvic inflammatory disease can include scarring of the pelvic organs and infertility.
• Pelvic inflammatory disease can be life-threatening in severe cases.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Symptoms
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an inflammatory and infectious disease and is a complication of a sexually transmitted disease (STD) such as gonorrhea. Common symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease are
• Pelvic pain that radiates to the abdomen
• An abnormal vaginal discharge
• Pain during intercourse or urination
Each year in the United States, more than 1 million women have an episode of PID. More than 100,000 women become infertile each year because of PID. Also, many ectopic pregnancies that occur are due to problems from PID.
Many women do not know they have PID because they do not have any signs or symptoms. When symptoms do happen, they can be mild or more serious. Signs and symptoms include:
• Pain in the lower abdomen (this is the most common symptom)
• Fever (100.4 F or higher)
• Vaginal discharge that may smell foul
• Painful sex
• Painful urination
• Irregular periods
• Pain in the upper right abdomen
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