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1797 Pitkin Avenue

Brooklyn, NY 11212

347-955-3465

24/7 Customer Support

1797 Pitkin Avenue

Brooklyn, NY 11212

347-955-3465

24/7 Customer Support

Pelvic Pain

The medical definition of pelvic pain is perceived pain in the pelvic area and the lower part of the abdomen located between the hip bones. Usually, the term pelvic pain refers to pain in the reproductive organs (uterus, Fallopian tubes, ovaries, vagina) in women.

What causes pelvic pain?

Pelvic pain in women includes menstrual cramps, endometriosis, suffering from a ruptured ectopic pregnancy, ovarian cysts or other masses, and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Pain that does not originate in the reproductive organs and urinary tract infections (UTI), intestinal obstruction, colitis, tumors, appendicitis, and other conditions.

What are the other signs and symptoms of pelvic pain?

Other signs and symptoms of pelvic pain include fever and chills, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or constipation, blood in the stools, and pain during and after sexual intercourse.

How is pelvic pain in men and women treated?

The treatment for pelvic pain in men and women depend on what is causing it.

Early Symptoms of Appendicitis

The main early symptom of appendicitis is abdominal pain. The pain is so difficult to pinpoint that when asked to point to the area of the pain, most people indicate the location of the pan with a circular motion of their hand around the central part of their abdomen. Other common symptoms of appendicitis include • loss of appetite, • nausea, and • vomiting.

What is pelvic pain?

Pelvic pain is typically considered a pain in the lower front of the abdomen, below the umbilicus (belly button). Pelvic pain sometimes arises due to problems with the female reproductive organs, but pelvic pain can occur in both men and women due to other causes.
Pelvic pain can arise due to both acute and chronic problems. Severe pelvic pain is new pain that you have not experienced before. Chronic pain is pain that persists over time. In the pelvis, acute pain is more common than chronic pain. 

What does the pelvis look like?

Technically, the pelvis refers to the bones of the hip that rest on the legs and support the spine. It also can refer to the cavity inside these bones, the lower portion of the trunk of the body.

What causes pelvic pain in women?

In women, pelvic pain can occur due to pregnancy-related causes or problems with the reproductive organs in women who are not pregnant. Causes of pelvic pain in women include:

  • Menstrual cramps or problems (cramps during menstruation). The medical term for menstrual pain is dysmenorrhea. Many women experience mild menstrual pain, but for some women, the pain is severe and disrupts their participation in day-to-day activities.
  • Ovarian cysts can cause pain if they become large, rupture (burst), or become twisted (known as torsion of an ovarian cyst). Most ovarian cysts are small, benign (non-cancerous), and do not cause symptoms.
  • Fibroid tumors are benign growths of muscle tissue (a fibroid is also known as a leiomyoma) that are common in the uterus (womb). These do not usually cause pain or symptoms, but if they are huge, they may cause heavy menstrual bleeding or swelling of the abdomen. Pelvic pain can arise if there is degeneration (death of tumor cells) within a large fibroid tumor. This happens when a fibroid tumor outgrows its blood supply and starts to shrink.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a condition in which there is widespread inflammation within the reproductive organs, usually due to an infection. The infection is typically a sexually-transmitted disease like gonorrhea or chlamydia. Fever, vaginal bleeding, and vaginal discharge often accompany the pelvic pain of PID.
  • Endometriosis is the presence of tissue like the lining of the uterus in other areas of the reproductive organs or elsewhere in the body. It is most common in women in their 30s and can cause heavy periods, severe menstrual cramps, and pelvic pain during sex. A similar condition is an adenomyosis, in which areas of uterine lining tissue are located abnormally in the muscle wall of the uterus.
  • Ovulation can cause pelvic pain. This occurs when the ovary releases an egg at the midpoint of the menstrual cycle. Typically, it is felt on the right or left side, depending upon which ovary the egg has come from. The term “Mittelschmerz” has been used to refer to this kind of pain.
  • Pelvic congestion syndrome refers to a buildup of blood in the veins of the pelvis.
  • Pain in the vulva may be accompanied by burning or stinging sensations or pain during sex.
  • Rarely, cancers, including cervical cancer, uterine cancer, or ovarian cancer. 

What causes pelvic pain during pregnancy?

Some causes of pelvic pain described above; for example, pelvic inflammatory disease can occur in pregnant women. But other causes of pelvic pain are specific to pregnancy.

  • Ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that develops outside the womb (uterus). The most common location for an ectopic pregnancy is the Fallopian tube. An ectopic pregnancy can lead to life-threatening bleeding if it ruptures. Symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy include abdominal and pelvis pain along with vaginal bleeding.
  • Miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy in the first 20 weeks of gestation. Vaginal bleeding is a common symptom of miscarriage, although pain also may occur.
  • Preterm or premature labor is the onset of signs of labor before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Symptoms include pelvis fullness, pain, or cramping; backache; and leakage of fluid from the vagina.
  • Placental abruption, also known as abruptio placentae, is a severe medical condition in which the placenta becomes separated from the wall of the uterus. Pelvic or back pain may result, which can be accompanied by vaginal bleeding.

MEDICAL DISCLAIMER:

By reading this website, you acknowledge that you are responsible for your own health decisions. The information throughout this medical website is not intended to be taken as medical advice. The information provided is intended for general information regarding our multi-specialty clinic in Brooklyn and the best OBGYN Brooklyn Services. If you are interested in finding out more, please contact our Gynecologist Brooklyn specialist for a personal consultation. Avoid worrisome self-diagnosis, the best urogynecology doctors will properly diagnose your problem and refer you to a GYN Brownsville specialist if necessary. No information on this site should be used to diagnose, treat, prevent, or cure any disease or condition.