Fibroids are abnormal noncancerous growth that develops in a woman’s uterus. These tumors can become quite large and cause severe abdominal pain and heavy periods. Fibroids have a lower risk of developing into cancer as they are typically benign.
Fibroids are also known as myomas, uterine myomas, fibroid myomas, and fibromas. Although most women don’t have any symptoms and may never know they have fibroids, about 80% of these women have them by the age of 50.
Although the cause of fibroids is still unknown, there are several factors associated with their formation:
- Hormones – The hormones produced by the ovaries cause the uterine lining to regenerate during the menstrual cycle and stimulate the growth of fibroids
- Pregnancy – The estrogen and progesterone production in the body is increased during pregnancy and causes the fibroids to develop and grow
- Genes – If your mother or sister has a history of fibroids, you may also develop this condition too
The symptoms of Fibroids will depend on the size and location of the tumors. Symptoms may include:
- Heavy bleeding between or during your period
- Pelvic pain
- Heavy menstrual cramps
- Increased urination
- Pain during intercourse
- Prolonged menstrual period
- Swelling of the abdomen
If you are going through menopause, you might have fibroids but don’t have the symptoms. These are due to the shrinking of fibroids during and after menopause. Women going through menopause experience a drop in estrogen and progesterone levels in their bodies, stimulating the growth of fibroids.
Fibroids are diagnosed by a gynecologist through a series of tests like pelvic exams and ultrasound. These exams will determine the size, condition, and shape of your uterus. An ultrasound will allow the doctor to see and check the internal structure of your uterus and any fibroids present.
Once your doctors have a proper diagnosis, he will develop a treatment plan based on the findings (size and location of the fibroids), your age, and the overall condition of your health.
Although there are home remedies and natural treatments that could have a positive effect on fibroids, like yoga, massage, and heat compress during the menstrual period. Diet can have a positive effect as well. Avoiding stress, regulating your diet, and losing weight can help women with fibroids. Your doctor could also prescribe you medication to regulate your hormone level to shrink the fibroids.
For a proper diagnosis, please consult a gynecologist. At Doral Health and Wellness, our gynecologist can help diagnose and treat fibroids. To book an appointment, please visit or call 347-955-3465 today.